By The Independent UK
Ethiopia and Eritrea, long-time foes who fought a border war from 1998 to 2000, restored relations in July 2018 after two decades of hostility.
The prize, worth nine million Swedish crowns (about £732,000) will be presented in the Norwegian capital of Oslo on 10 December.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee said: “Ethiopian prime minister Abiy Ahmed Ali has been awarded this year’s Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea.”
Mr Ahmed’s office said Ethiopia is “proud as a nation”, and called on “all Ethiopians and friends of Ethiopia to continue standing on the side of peace”.
There is a long history of the Nobel Peace Prize going to states people associated with ending conflicts, most recently Colombia’s Juan Manuel Santos who was awarded the prize in 2016 for helping to bring his country’s 50-year civil war to an end.
Sixteen-year-old Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg was reported to be among the nominees after being voted for by three Norwegian MPs.
While German chancellor Angela Merkel and protesters in Hong Kong were also rumoured to have made the shortlist.